Lawyers with the Committee Against Torture ensured that the investigators started a twenty-third check of the complaint of Aleksey Sinegubov from Orenburg about police torture that happened nine years ago. As we have previously reported, in December of last year, the European Court of Human Rights published a ruling about a settlement agreement, by which the Russian authorities acknowledged their guilt in tortures of the applicant by the police officers and in absence of effective investigation of this incident. The application check was be resumed only after human rights defenders applied to head of the Investigative Committee of Russia Aleksandr Bastrykin.
On 6 September 2011, Nadezhda Sinegubova applied to the Committee Against Torture for legal assistance. According to her, her son Aleksey was tortured by the police officers. Later on, Aleksey applied to human rights defenders himself.
He reported that in the night from 23 to 24 February 2011 he went out to buy cigarettes. He was stopped near the food stall by the police officers who told him he should go to the police department with them because he fits the description of some wanted person.
– When we came to the police department, a girl went out, looked at me, and said, “This is him!” Then I was taken to the cell for the detained, – Aleksey recalls.
According to Sinegubov, the whole next day investigative officers “worked” with him – forced to confess of an assault related to robbery against the girl. Aleksey claims to have been humiliated, hit with a gas mask on his head, hit numerous times all over his body, blocked the air access with a plastic bag, as a result of which he lost consciousness. According to Aleksey, he never confessed of having committed this crime.
Late in the evening Sinegubov was taken to the temporary detention cell. There numerous bodily injuries were registered on him: “extravasations in the area of the right shoulder, in the area of axillary cavities, in the loin area on the left, on the chest area on the right, abrasion on the forehead on the right, abrasions on the hairy part of the head, abrasions on both wrists made by handcuffs, swelling of the knee joint on the right, the joint is limited in its movement”.
In July 2011, Aleksey Sinegubov was declared guilty of assault related to robbery. He was sentenced to five years of prison time.
In March 2011, Sinegubov applied to the investigative authorities with a torture complaint. During the seven-years pre-investigative check twenty refusals to initiate criminal proceedings were issued, which were subsequently quashed as illegal and ungrounded at the initiative of lawyers with the Committee Against Torture. However, no criminal case was opened.
Having exhausted all possible remedies for restoring Sinegubov’s rights at the domestic level, in June 2014, human rights defenders submitted a complaint on his behalf to the European Court of Human Rights. After four years, the complaint was communicated: the Strasbourg court posed questions to the Russian Federation on whether the applicant was subjected to torture and whether the investigation of this incident was efficient.
In response, the Ministry of Justice of Russia offered Aleksey Sinegubov to conclude a settlement agreement, according to which our state acknowledged its guilt in tortures of the applicant by the police officers and in absence of effective investigation of this incident. 20000 Euro was offered to the applicant as compensation. Aleksey agreed to this offer.
5 December 2019, the European Court of Human Rights published a ruling about this settlement agreement.
After this, lawyer with the Committee Against Torture applied to head of the Investigative Committee Aleksandr Bastrykin with a request to resume the check of Sinegubov’s complaint at the national level, as our country acknowledged that tortures were applied to him.
Today, human rights defenders received an answer from the Investigative Committee stating that on 5 June of this year the twenty second refusal related to Sinegubov’s torture complaint, issued on 4 May 2018, was quashed. Additional check is started with regard to his application.
“When working on Aleksey Sinegubov’s case, we repeatedly asked the investigative authorities to conduct a number of specific checking activities, including the visual inspection of the office where, according to Aleksey, he was tortured. The investigators kept accepting our motions but did not do any inspections. Now, nine years later, under pressure from Moscow, Aleksey and us, we were invited for inspection of this office, — lawyer with the Committee Against Torture Albina Mudarisova comments. — It is not clear what can be found there after so much time passed. Most likely, this action is planned by the investigative authorities for the sake of appearance”.